http://www.acea.be/index.php/news/news_detail/global_insight_the_crisis_is_devastatingSlump in manufacturingConsensus forecasts for the industry predict a 20% slump in vehicle production in the EU27 between the start of 2008 and the end of 2009. This approximates to a loss of over EUR60bn to industry revenue. Capacity utilisation rates have already fallen to 65% in what is a high fixed cost industry.A vital industryFrom vehicle manufacturing down the automotive supply chain it represents an enormous 1/3rd of all manufacturing jobs in the EU27, Invests annually over EUR20bn in Research and Development and is the leading industrial contributor to net external EU trade. Its importance increases by including vehicle distribution and associated financing sector activity which directly or indirectly supports 13 million jobs. Vehicle taxes contribute EUR360bn to member state revenuehttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/committees/studies/download.do?language=en&file=246715. CURRENT GOVERNMENT RESPONSECASE STUDY - IMPLEMENTED MEASURES (FRANCE)* Scrapping measure is more generous than in 2008: EUR1,000 (vs. EUR300) for cars over 10 years(vs. 15) if purchase of a car under 161g/km of CO2 (vs. 131g/km of CO2). Plus, measure is extendedto light commercial vehicles (without CO2 constraint on the purchased model). Measure applied sinceDec. 08* Main manufacturers have already complemented the scrapping measure to vehicles between 8and 10 years.* Bonus incentives for fuel efficient vehicles remain unchanged for 2009 (despite cost)* EUR360bn plan for banking sector (not focused on automotive but goal to ease credit access)* Government industry support by the offer of around EUR6bn of loan guarantees to protect thedomestic industry* EUR1bn already available for the financing arms of PSA and Renault (50/50)* Investment fund to help the suppliers: EUR300 million brought by the State and PSA/Renault* Public EUR400 million investment (during 4 years) to help French vehicle manufacturersdevelop very fuel efficient vehicles (seems focused on electric solution)CASE STUDY - UPCOMING MEASURES (ITALY)* All-new Italian scrapping incentive programme to run until December 31, 2009* Bonus of EUR1,500 to purchase a new vehicle will be provided if the vehicle to be scrapped isEuro 0, 1, or 2 and registered until December 31, 1999 and the new vehicle emits no more than140g/km of CO2 (130g/km of CO2 if diesel)* A bonus of EUR2,500 will be provided to purchase a new light commercial vehicle if the lightcommercial vehicle to be scrapped is Euro 0, 1, or 2 and registered until December 31, 1999* Further bonuses of EUR1,500-EUR4,000 to buy "greener" vehicles come on top of the scrappingincentives (i.e. they can be added)CASE STUDY - MEASURES UNDER DISCUSSION (POLAND)* The Polish government is working on a new proposal, which includes VAT (22%) deductionfor new vehicle buyers in exchange for scrapping their old vehicle. This would apply to all vehiclesand both private and company buyers.* If the Polish Government decides that this would be too costly for the country's budget, thereis a possibility that cash incentives (several thousand zloty [EUR1=4.5 zloty]) will be introduced insteadand this would apply to vehicles, whose CO2 emission does not exceed 155g/km CO2.* Details of this proposal and introduction timing should be known by the end of March '09.The legislation is designed to encourage the churn rate of older vehicles, helping to renew the Polishvehicle parc, which is on average around 14 years old. Clearly the measure would provide a shorttermboost to new vehicle sales.IP/
Viestiä on viimeksi muokattu 07.08.2013.